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Minolta XG-2

Minolta XG 2 (1977)

The XG-2, 35mm SLR camera with automatic and full manual exposure control was introduced at the same time with the more professional model XD-11. Exposure meter is activated by a contact or pressure on "tough switch" shutter release. Metering is Full-aperture TTL center weighted type, by two CdS cells mounted on either side of the eye piece at the rear of the pentaprism.

Both cameras have a similar, compact body styling. Body dimensions are 138x 89x 52mm (WxHxD) and they are much lighter than the mechanical SRT cameras which were still produced in 1977. The weight is 505g without a lens. Power source consists two 1,5v silver-oxide, SR-44 or equiv.

The first XG camera was the XG7, released in October 1977. Minolta like also some other camera manufacturer had a practice of naming cameras differently in different markets, the body was called the XG E in Japan and the XG 2 in Europe. XG cameras had only a aperture priority mode compared to the optional shutter priority mode in Xd cameras.XG-2 operates on aperture-preferred and manual mode. An inconvenient feature is that the exposure meter turns off in manual mode and the camera lacks any non-battery-dependent shutter speeds.
The lens in a picture is a Tamron 3,5-4,5/ 28-50mm Zoom Lens. It belongs to the Tamron's Adaptall Series.
A new feature in XG-2 is a shutter release button which uses the electrostatic ability of human skin to turn the exposure meter on. No pressure is needed. The same technics is used on many of Minolta´s later models, for instance on the X-700.

"Your light, compact XG-2 is a top-quality single-lens reflex camera whose electronic system will control exposure for you automatically, freeing you for more enjoyment and greater creativity. You can also override the meter's automatic setting or set the camera for full manual operation. Electromagnetic shutter release and unique 'Touch switch" metering, head a host of other features. Attaching the accessory Auto Winder G enables single-frame/continuous motor film advance up to 2 frames/sec. Minolta's special Auto Electroflash 200X electronically switches the XG-2's shutter over for strobe exposures when charged and signals flash-ready in the finder; it also enables continuous-sequence flash with the winder. Besides new MD Rokkor lenses, your XG-2 uses virtually all interchangeable Rokkors made to date and all applicable Minolta SLR system accessories."

I am eternally grateful to my colleague Mr. K. Hakanen for contributing this camera to my collection.;-)

Minolta XG-M


Minolta XG-M (1981)


The most significant changes in XG-M was slightly changed body design and a right hand grip. The body is outwardly like X-700 although not identical. The new company logo with the rising sun was also used for a first time. Perhaps the most important change was the capability to use the new and faster Motor Drive 1. Character "M" in a model name denotes this new feature.
Once again in Japan the name of XG-M was different, there it was called the X-70.

A significant improvement in XG-M is also a new non shrinking leatherette covering.These and some other changes makes the XG-M a top model in the Minolta XG serie.

"Minolta precision lenses and accessories are manufactured under high quality control standards and are designed to the performance requirements of Minolta camera bodies. We recommend Minolta Rokkor lenses and Minolta system accessories for all types of photography."



Type: 35mm single-lens reflex with automatic and full manual exposure control
Lens mount: Minolta SLR bayonet, 54° rotating angle coupling for full-aperture metering and automatic diaphragm control with Minolta MD and MC lenses
(Standard lenses MD Rokkor-X 50mm f/1.4, f/1.7 or MC Rokkor-X 58mm f/1.2.
Auto-exposure control:Special low-voltage, low-current computer circuit, actuated by contact or pressure on "touch switch" operating button, varies the shutter speed continuously and steplessly to yield proper exposure according to metering system indication at the aperture, film speed, and exposure adjustment set.
Auto-exposure range: EV 2 to EV 17 (e.g., 1/2 sec. at f/1.4 to 1/1000 at f/11) at ASA 100 with f/1.4 lens
Shutter: Horizontal-traverse focal-plane type electronically controlled speeds: 1/1000 to 1 sec, steplessly on automatic mode or in steps on manual mode
Metering: Full-aperture TTL center-weighted type,  by two CdS cells mounted on either side of the eyepiece at the rear of the pentaprism
Film-speed range: ASA 25 to 1600 set on the shutter-speed/function selector
Auto-exposure adjustment: Up to ±2 EV continuous adjustment of automatic exposure with 1/2 EV click-stops and lock at "A" (zero setting)
Mirror: Oversize quick-return type (P0 value: 123mm)
Viewfinder: Eye-level fixed pentaprism type showing 93% of 24 x 36mm film-frame area
Magnification: 0.9X with 50mm standard lens focused at infinity; Acute Matte-Fresnel-field focusing screen with split-image focusing spot surrounded by microprism band.

Stepless speeds indicated by 10 light-emitting diodes; LED over-/under-range indicators; LED at "60" position also blinks as flash-ready signal with Auto Electroflash 118X - 320X
Flash sync: PC terminal and hot shoe for X sync, (disconnect when unit no installed): Electronic flash synchronizes at 1/60 sec. and slower step or stepless speeds; Class MF, M, FP flashbulbs synchronize at 1/15 or slower speeds. Extra contact on hot shoe receives signal from camera-control contact of Auto Electroflash 118X - 320x
Film advance: Motorized: Through built-in coupler key with accessory (Motor Drive 1 or) Auto Winder G. Manual: By lever with single 130° stroke after 30° unengaged movement Film-advance release button for rewinding; advancing-type frame counter and Safe Load Signal that indicates film loading and advancing conditions
Power: Two 1.5v silver-oxide cells (Ucar EPX or equivalent) contained in camera base power both auto exposure control and shutter's electronically goverened operation LED battery check indicator lights when operating switch in battery check position
Shutter will not release when voltage too low for proper operation
Self-timer: Electronic, LED indicated types; approximately 10 sec. delay
Other: 4-slot take-up spool; detachable back  cover with memo holder and ASA-DIN conversion scale
Size and weight: 52 x 89 x 138mm (2 x 3-7/16 x 5-5/8 in.) 505g (515g) without lens and power cells
Accessories: Exclusive (Motor Drive 1) and Auto-Winder G, Auto Electroflash 200X, Remote Cord S 50cm (20-in.) and Remote Cord L 5m (16-ft.); MD, MC, and other interchangeable Rokkor lenses and applicable Minolta SLR system accessories

Minolta Dynax

Minolta Dynax 60

It is said, that one of the best ways to experience the joy of photography is to start with a 35mm SLR camera. Konica Minolta’s DYNAX 60 awarded the “European SLR Camera of the Year 2004-2005”. These were my starters, Minolta X-700, which I bought after Asahi Pentax Spotmatic was The European Camera of the Year 1982-83, so the line continues.

The camera has to have something to "earn" this kind of statement. What is then those features and capabilities in Minolta Dynax 60 (Minolta Maxxum 70 in USA). The EISA - European Imaging and Sound Association stated, that Minolta Dynax 60 is the ideal synthesis of attractive price and generous equipment. If you wish, it can automatically do everything, except choosing the subject and the framing but if you prefer manual control, you just go for it. Apart from its high-quality, compact body, the Dynax 60 is impressive primarily for its speed and precision in use. In this manner it is better, than my couple of years older Pentax MZ-5n.
The nine-point AF with a central cross sensor and multi-dimensional predictive focus control enables very good focusing even on moving subjects. I have still noticed that it sometimes has a tendency to a moderate hunting, specially with the rather slow. 75-300mm lens. The Dynax 60 permits manual override of the focusing system by DMF (Direct Manual Focus) on Minolta D-Series lenses. The brightness of the viewfinder is not in a class with the professional line of Minolta SLR cameras. The body is a sturdy in design sophistication, and it's packed with features and user-friendly controls that put a range of functions at your fingertips. The special feature is, that the back cover is hinged on the left side of the body to allow greater access to the film chamber when inserting the film cartridge. Once the film is loaded, an automatic film chamber lock prevents the camera from being opened until the film is rewound. As a conclusion I would state; High-Speed AF SLR with Powerful Creative Controls.

"Konica Minolta Photo Imaging, Inc. ceased the camera business on March 31, 2006. As of April 1st, 2006, Sony Corporation is providing customer service for Konica's, Minolta's, and Konica Minolta's cameras and camera-related products except for the binoculars." The potential know-how of three Japanese companies is now integrated under the lead of the giant of electronics, entertainment and financial services, Sony Corporation.

Camera Type 35mm SLR with built-in flash, autoexposure (AE) and autofocus (AF)
Focus System  
Focus Modes Autofocus / Manual focus selectable Main AF controls
Main AF Controls - Wide focus area: local focus area selectable from 9 sensors
- Multi-dimensional predictive focus control
- Auto-tracking AF indication
- Automatic AF-mode selection between Continuous AF and One-shot AF
- Direct Manual Focus available during autofocus operation
- Focus-lock audio signal selectable
Detection System TTL phase-detection system
Detection Cell CCD line sensors (centre cross-hair, 9-point, 8-line sensors)
AF Sensitivity Range Ev 1 - 18 (ISO 100)
AF Illuminator Built-in flash "LED"
- Automatically activated in low-light or low-contrast situations
- AF illuminator (LED) will be selected automatically when a dedicated external flash unit is attached.
- Range: approx. 1 - 5 m (with a 50 mm standard lens)
Exposure System  
Control Modes - Program AE (P mode): PA / PS mode available as custom function
- Aperture priority mode (A mode)
- Shutter-speed priority mode (S mode)
- Manual mode (M mode)
Subject Programs Portrait, Landscape, Close up, Sports action, Night portrait / Night view
Manual Setting Shutter speed: 0.5 Ev increments, Aperture: 0.5 Ev increments
Metering Type TTL metering: 14-segment honeycomb-pattern metering / Centre-weighted metering / Spot metering (5.5 mm diameter)
Metering Range 14-segment honeycomb-pattern metering: Ev 1 - 20; Spot metering: Ev 4 - 20 (ISO 100, f/1.4 lens)
Metering Sensor 14-segment honeycomb-pattern SPC (silicon photo cell)
Exposure Compensation ± 3 EV in 1/2 EV increments
ISO (film speed) Setting Automatic setting: ISO 25 - 5000 in 1/3 Ev increment
Manual setting: ISO 6 - 6400 in 1/3 Ev increments
- With flash used: ISO 25 - 1000
- With DX-coded film: automatic ISO setting
- With Non-DX-coded film: ISO set to its previous setting
AE Lock - Automatic exposure lock at focus lock;
- AE lock possible with the spot-AE lock button pushed
Type Electronically-controlled, vertical traverse, focal-plane type
Speed 1/2000 - 30 sec.; Time exposure (bulb) up to 5 hours (approx., with fresh batteries)
Flash Sync Speed Slower than 1/90 sec.; In HSS (High Speed Sync) mode: sync with all speeds
Metering Type TTL direct metering; ADI metering available with Program Flash 5600 HS(D) / 3600HS(D) / 2500(D) or with the built-in flash combined with any (D) lens
Flash Sensor Flash metering SPC (silicon photo cell)
Built-in Flash Built-in type with GN16 (in meters at ISO 100);
- Flash coverage for 28 mm angle of view
- Recycling time: approx. 4 seconds with fresh batteries
- Automatic power off with external flash unit attached
- Automatic pop up and auto flash (fill flash, flash cancel possible) in P mode & Subject Program Selection mode
- Manual control in A / S / M mode: lift-up for fill flash, push down for flash cancel
- Red-eye reduction (pre-flash) selectable
- Possible to issue control signals for wireless / remote off-camera flash (ratio flash also available)
Flash Mode Flash mode Fill flash / flash cancel / red-eye reduction (pre-flash)
- Wireless / remote off-camera flash: synchronized at shutter speeds 1/45 sec. or slower
- Wireless / remote high-speed sync: 1/125 seconds or faster, available with Program Flash 5600HS(D) / 3600HS(D)
- High-speed sync: 1/125 sec. or faster, available with Program Flash 5600HS(D) / 3600HS(D)
Viewfinder Viewfinder
Type Eye-level fixed roof mirror
Focusing Screen Spherical acute matte
Field of View 90% x 90% (with 50 mm, f/1.4 lens focused at infinity)
Magnification 0.7x (with 50 mm, f/1.4 lens focused at infinity)
Eye-relief 16 mm from the eyepiece, 13 mm from the eyepiece frame
Diopter - 2.0 to + 1 diopter
Dioptric Adjustment Available
Eyepiece Cup Removable
Film Transport  
Drive Mode Single-frame advance, continuous drive (3 fps)
Film Loading Automatic loading (Automatic advance to the first frame when back cover is closed)
Film Rewinding Automatic rewinding, manual start of rewinding selectable
Rewinding Time approx. 8 sec. (24-exposure film)
Others MinoltaD_60 - Depth-of-field preview (aperture not changeable when in use)
- Self-timer (cancelable): 10-sec. delay with LED / audio indication of shooting start
- IR remote control
- Exposure bracketing: selectable in 0.3 / 0.5 / 0.7 / 1.0 Ev increments with 3 exposures
- Multiple exposure: 2 exposures
- Custom functions: 14 items
Type 3V lithium battery CR2 x 2
Battery-condition Indication 3-stage indicator to show remaining battery power, automatically started at power ON
Dimensions (W x H x D) 135 x 92 x 66.5 mm
Weight 375 g (without batteries)
©2007 Reijo Lauro